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2023年翻譯資格考試《三級筆譯實務》沖刺試卷(一)
  • 年份:2023年
  • 類型:臨考沖刺
  • 總分:100.00分
  • 時長:180分鐘
  • 題量:2
  • 做題人數:0人
題型介紹
Section 1 English-Chinese Translation(Translate the following passage into Chinese.
  • Expressionism
    Expressionism is an art movement that produced a wealth of wonderful works of art, and the lives of the artists who created them were no less colorful and exciting. The word "expressionism" can be used to describe art from different times and places, most of them were part of a movement that took place in Germany from 1905 to 1920. They shared some of the beliefs. Those beliefs were that art should try to change society, to make it less conservative. It should express the energy of nature—following in the footsteps of Vincent van Gogh—-and personal feeling rather than simply representing nature. It should feel "uncomfortable", which means it should challenge the traditional ways of looking at the world. This differed from the opinion of Henri Matisse who believed that art should be "comfortable". Expressionist art should be inspired by folk art, and the art of what were then called "primitive" people, for example from Africa.
    The aim of the Expressionists was to express personal feeling about what they were painting rather than representing it exactly as it was. It should have strong colors and shapes, be relatively direct, untutored and unplanned and should still contain recognizable things, but not be realistic. The lines could be distorted, and the colors could be strengthened or changed as in the art movement that began in 1905 called Fauvism.
    Expressionism was more than a style in painting. It could be found in theatre and cinema, literature and architecture. It was a sharing of ideas and experiences across all these media. The life stories of the Expressionist artists show just how much they had in common. Many began by studying applied art, such as furniture design, often to please their parents. Although they later made more personal art, they continued to make use of those technical skills. Both art critics and the public received this new movement with derision and outrage. Expressionist artists were trying to shock by challenging the traditional, conservative views held by many people. Gradually, however, it became accepted and even admired.
    All the Expressionists were affected by World War I (1914-18). Some fled from Germany and spent the war years in exile. Some never returned to their homeland. Most served in the war and some were killed. At first some of them hoped a war would change society for the better but they were soon disillusioned when they saw the destruction and suffering that it caused. In the years after the war, many Expressionist artist revealed the horrors they experienced in their work.
    After World War I, Expressionism became very fashionable in Germany, where art was allowed to flourish. This freedom ended in 1933 when Hitler declared all Expressionists were "degenerate". This led to them being sacked from their jobs or forced to leave Germany. In 1937 the Nazis took thousands of art works from German museums and put them in an enormous exhibition called the Degenerate Art Exhibition, to show how bad and decadent this art was. It presented a view of the world that went against their political and cultural ambitions to rid Germany of all inferior races.

    【正確答案-參考解析】:參加考試可見

Section 2 Chinese-English Translation(Translate the following passage into English.
  • 發展中歐關系符合雙方利益第六屆中國一歐盟領導人峰會于星期四在北京舉行會,會議表明中國和歐盟之間的關系正在健康地發展。此次會晤是今年年初新一屆中國領導人執政以來雙方的首次會面,也是繼中國于10月13日首次發表與歐盟關系文件和歐盟于9月10日批準與中國關系新戰略之后,雙方領導人的首次峰會。
    會后,雙方領導人承諾要進一步加強合作,并簽署了三份協議,以開辟新的合作領域。協議包括“伽利略衛星導航合作協定”以及“中歐旅游目的地國地位諒解備忘錄”。
    為了進一步加強雙邊關系,溫家寶總理提出四點建議:一、保持高層交往勢頭;二、深化經貿合作;三、建立有效的合作機制;四、消除影響中歐關系健康發展的障礙。
    這表明中國非常重視與歐盟在新世紀全面發展合作關系。這種關系不僅有助于雙方的共同繁榮,有助于地區及世界經濟的增長,而且還能通過推進多邊化進程促進世界和平與穩定。

    【正確答案-參考解析】:參加考試可見

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